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Career Spotlight: Biological Sciences

A career in Biological Sciences can offer stimulating and exciting work in research and field environments, working with other people, animals, and in a laboratory setting conducting important research. From animal biologists and zoologists to microbiologists, genetic researchers, cell biologists and biotechnologists, those working in the biological sciences fields possess high curiosity about biology and biological systems, great attention to detail, great analytical thinking and problem-solving skills, and are often innovative thinkers. Careers in Biological Sciences fields may place you in a field research setting or in a laboratory, hospital or healthcare setting, in a university, or teaching a science-related topic in a secondary or post-secondary education setting. Hours and working conditions will vary depending on the specific career and location you pursue.
 

Degrees, Training, or Certifications Required for Biological Sciences Careers

  • Animal Biologists need a Bachelor's Degree in animal biology or a related field for entry-level positions. Career advancement usually will require a Master's Degree, and research positions and teaching in a college or university environment usually requires a Doctorate Degree.
  • Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists need a Bachelor's Degree in animal biology or a related field for entry-level positions. Career advancement usually will require a Master's Degree, and research positions and teaching in a college or university environment usually requires a Doctorate Degree.
  • Microbiologists need a Bachelor's Degree in microbiology or a related field, and need a Ph.D. for research or teaching positions at colleges and universities.
  • Biological Technicians need a Bachelor's Degree in biology or a closely related laboratory science that includes laboratory practice as part of the curriculum.
  • Biology teachers need a Bachelor's Degree in biology or a closely related field and must pass a state certification or licensure exam.
  • Biochemists and Biophysicists may find entry-level jobs with a Bachelor's Degree in their field but will need a Master's Degree or Ph.D. for advancement and for research and teaching positions at colleges and universities.
  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists have different job placement requirements by state. Most Clinical Laboratory Technologist jobs require a Bachelor's Degree in a laboratory science with laboratory experience as part of the curriculum. Laboratory Technician jobs may require only a certificate program or an Associate Degree in Bioloy or Laboratory Sciences or a related field.

Career Areas for Biological Sciences Careers

Biological Sciences careers span many areas. Some common career areas include:

  • Animal Biologist
  • Zoologist
  • Wildlife Biologist
  • Geneticist
  • Cell Biologist
  • Biotechnologist
  • Biology Teacher
  • Science Teacher
  • Biochemist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Biological Lab Technician

 

Potential Earnings and Job Projections for Biologial Sciences Careers

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for Animal Biologists in 2010 was $57,430 per year or greater, with an expected employment increase of 7 percent between 2010 and 2020. The median annual salary for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists was $57,430, with expected job growth of 7 percent between 2010 and 2020. Microbiologists had an annual median salary of $65,920, with a growth rate of 13 percent between 2010 and 2020. Biological Technicians had an annual median salary of $39,020 with a projected growth rate of 14 percent between 2010 and 2020. Biology teachers (part of high school teachers) at the high school level had an annual median salary of $53,230 with a projected growth rate of 7 percent between 2010 and 2020. Biochemists and Biophysicists had an annual median salary of $79,390 with a job growth rate of 31 percent between 2010 and 2020. Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists had an annual median salary of $46,680 with a job growth rate of 11 percent between 2010 and 2020.

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